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rusting reo Tag

Environmental stresses on concrete in coastal areas. Reinforced concrete structures degrade with time and exposure to the environment, particularly if that environment contains salts. Reduction of the concrete’s alkalinity either by carbonation or by the ingress of chlorides (salts) are the most common causes of concrete corrosion....

Calthemites is concrete, mortar or lime-derived secondary deposits consisting primarily of calcium carbonate that grow on or under man-made alkaline structures, such as concrete, and mimic the shapes and forms of cave speleothems, such as stalactites....