What is a Form 16?

Form 16 – Inspection Certificate/Aspect Certificate/QBCC Licensee Aspect Certificate


What is a Form 16 and why is it important?


A Form 16, commonly referred to as a stage or aspect certificate, advises the building certifier that work has been inspected and complies with the approved plans and relevant standards and codes.


In general, it allows for a building certifier to rely on the certificate in carrying out their role in construction such as; assessing a building application and inspecting/certifying building works at multiple different stages. A Building Certifier is trained to review, inspect, and question a building design and its construction whilst ensuring all building standards are being met. They are also responsible for issuing enforcement notices on building works when necessary and providing the final certification for a building to be occupied.


A Form 16 is a mandatory certificate required at the completion of any works (e.g. waterproofing works) performed on new buildings, building redevelopments or simple domestic housing jobs in order for installation of various other aspects in relation to the original building scope of works to be approved. To clarify, throughout the process of building or redesigning a new bathroom or “wet area”, a Form 16 is required to state that waterproofing works have been completed successfully prior to the continuation of any further works being completed in the area (e.g. tiling, wet area panelling).  Additionally, a Form 16 must also be used when a building certifier or QBCC licensee holder (e.g. Water proofer/Plumber) inspects a stage of building works and deems it satisfactory.


Moreover, in order to issue a Form 16, the person must be identified by the building certifier as being either competent or hold a QBCC qualified license (e.g. waterproofing license). It can also be assumed that the person issuing the form understands the relevant laws related to the form as well as the appropriate responsibilities. Once a building certifier deems that a person is competent in completing the works (e.g. Waterproofing), the certifier can legally rely on the Form 16 provided without performing any further site inspections for the duration of the building works. In addition, as Form 16’s do not expire they can be regularly relied upon throughout a buildings life span which enhances their requirement upon completion of each aspect of a building project.  


If a certifier does not obtain a Form 16 or a stage of works has not been approved and work progresses past that stage of building, the builders could be forced to cease construction until the issue is resolved. Clients or home owners who do not obtain a Form 16 could see the certifier unable to approve the works in their home resulting in the house being deemed unliveable. Additionally, if works are continued past a particular stage prior to the works being approved, fines can be issued by the QBCC to both the person who completed the works and the certifier.


Form 16:

  • Competent persons give design/specification help and inspection help by certifying that an aspect of building work complies with the building approval and the relevant building laws.


  • A building certifier may accept and rely on certificates (Form 16) in carrying out their building certifying functions, that is, assessing a building application and inspecting and certifying building work.


  • A Form 16 is mandatory as the BR (building regulator) requires that any certificate given by a building certifier or a competent person about a building design or inspection must be in the approved form if it is to be relied on by a building certifier to perform building certifying functions


  • Form 16 must be used when a building certifier, competent person or a QBCC licensee inspects a stage or aspect of building work and certifies it is satisfactory.


  • Before a building certifier can accept inspection help from a person, they must determine that the person is competent to provide that help, or that they have the required QBCC license to certify an aspect of construction.


  • Once the building certifier has determined the person is competent, they can lawfully rely on the competent person’s Form 16 without further checking.


  • A Form 16 does not expire, and remains a lawful inspection certificate that can be relied upon for the life of the building


  • If you issue a Form 16, it is assumed that you know and understand the relevant laws as well as your responsibilities, including how this form can be used under those laws.


  • To issue a Form 16 they have to be either: A Building Certifier, a person the Building Certifier has deemed a competent person to carry out the inspection of a Stage or Aspect, or a QBCC licensee providing their QBCC licensee Aspect Certificate


  • A QBCC Licensee can provide a Form 16 for their relevant aspect of building works for all other classes of building, however, in these cases the QBCC Licensee has to be deemed a competent person by the building certifier and Form 16 is not completed as a QBCC Licensee Aspect Certificate, it is completed as an Aspect Certificate.


  • Only a qualified person can issue a Form 16.


  • Form 16 is required after construction for an inspection or installation for all various relevant aspects for the scope of work of the project.


  • The scope of works for a waterproofing licence is “installing waterproofing materials or systems for preventing moisture penetration”. For a bathroom or wet area that requires a waterproof floor, the aspect being certified by the QBCC licensee may include “wet area sealing to ground floor shower” using a particular product, installed as per the manufacturers’ specifications, that complies with Australian Standards i.e. AS 3740 – 2004 Waterproofing of wet areas. No Australian Standards exist for remedial waterproofing.


External link to Form 16 – Inspection Certificate/Aspect Certificate/QBCC Licensee Aspect Certificate: https://www.hpw.qld.gov.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/Form16%E2%80%94InspectionCertificateAspectCertificateQBCCLicenseeAspectCertificate.pdf

Contact Us